fountain darter taxonomy
"Fountain Darter They are commonly known as darters although the term "darter" is shared by several other genera. Its geographic isolation is reflective of its incredibly specific habitation preferences which demand conditions which can only be found in these, two, Texas river headwaters alone. fountain darter . Their lifespan is 1-2 years. Restricted range, water quality and quantity, and sedimentation are the major factors endangering the species (United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996). From 1974 until 1981 a stock of fountain darters taken from the San Marcos River near the Interstate Highway 35 crossing was cultured at the federal facility at Dexter, New Mexico, to ensure against a catastrophic loss of the species. It is found in the headwaters of only two rivers in Texas, United States: the Comal River and the San Marcos River. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Arkansas Darters were historically found in the Arkansas River at Canon City, Colorado in the same area. Fountain darters feed primarily during daylight and demonstrate selective feeding behavior. of the reservoir moderate water temperatures, especially during summer months. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. A simulation scenario (n=50) corresponded to one of three variations of springflow (random, high and low flow) and one of three variations in The Fountain Darter (Etheostoma fonticola) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): Texas. Rivers are normally the main channels or largest tributaries of…, Founders' Day Dinner Address, Roosevelt College, Foundation of the Pennsylvania Medical Society, Foundation of the National Student Nurses Association, Foundation of the Hospitality Sales and Marketing Association International, Foundation of the Federal Bar Association, Foundation for Reincarnation and Spiritual Research, Fountainhead College of Technology: Narrative Description, Fountainhead College of Technology: Tabular Data, Fouqué, Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de La Motte-, Fouqué, Karoline Freifrau de la Motte (1774–1831), Four Adventures of Reinette and Mirabelle, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/science-magazines/fountain-darter. A 1990 sampling of seven transects in Landa Lake and the Comal River reported a population estimate of about 168,078 darters above Torrey Mill Dam. Threatened fishes of the world: Etheostoma fonticola (Jordan & Gilbert 1886) (Percidae). "San Marcos and Comal Springs and Associated Aquatic Ecosystems (Revised) Recovery Plan." The ovary weight/body weight relationship and the testis width/square root of total length relationship also indicate the two peak spawning periods. Etheostoma is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Percidae native to North America.Most are restricted to the United States, but there are also species in Canada and Mexico. Tiny, reddish brown darter with dark horizontal lines on the side. A series of horizontal stitch-like dark lines occur along the middle of the sides, forming an interrupted lateral streak. As in other darters, fountain darter eggs attach to moss and to algae and these eggs hatch in aerated aquaria. Fountain darter in English Fountain darter in English Kildesmutte in Danish fountain darter in English 泉鏢鱸 in language. Since E. fonticola also lives in a relatively constant temperature environment, it is not especially surprising to find that this species spawns throughout the year. The monthly percentages of females with ovaries containing at least one mature ovum also demonstrate the two annual spawning peaks. "Determination of the Fountain Darter (Etheostoma fonticola) as Endangered." Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Native fish aquarium, north american fish tank, darters, logperch, shiners, minnows, madtom catfish - Duration: 1:14. mike copeland 5,257 views © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Endangered Species Act status. Type Locality. Due to the overuse and subsequent abuse of their isolated and specific habitat which primarily stems from the behaviors of some of the many thousands of river tourist who, unaware or who don't care, regularly destroy these areas. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Nonindigenous Occurrences: The Rainbow Darter has been introduced into the Genesee River system of New York.The species is now common from Portageville to Caneadea and in Angelica and Caneadea creeks (Smith 1985). In Texas, T. granifera feeds on the eggs of the endangered fountain darter Etheostoma fonticola (Phillips et al. It is found in the headwaters of only two rivers in Texas, United States: the Comal River and the San Marcos River. Unpublished. Three small dark spots are present on the base of the tail and there is a dark s… Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America. (October 18, 2020). A river is a natural stream of freshwater that is larger than a brook or creek. Federal Register 45:47355-47364. Fountain Darter (Etheostoma fonticola) Texas Status Endangered Description Fountain darters are less than 1 inch long. Young Fountain Darters are found in heavily vegetated, backwater areas of the San Marcos and Comal Rivers where there Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species was introduced into the spring-fed inlet to Lytle Pond on the Fort Carson Military Reservation, El Paso County, Colorado in July 1980 (Miller 1984). The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Bibliographic References. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. Among the Native American Yurok people, who live along the Yurok River in northern California, orientation in the world was not provi…, Killifish (Fundulus spp.) Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In the next creature feature in our series, our Aquarium Technician, Shelby Chester, shares everything you need to know about what is most likely Spring Lake's only endangered fish, the Fountain darter. Michael R. Weston, Ronald L. Johnson, Alan D. Christian, Niche Partitioning of the Sympatric Yellowcheek Darter Etheostoma moorei and Rainbow Darter Etheostoma caeruleum in the Little Red River, Arkansas, The American Midland Naturalist, 10.1674/0003-0031-164.2.187, 164, 2, (187-200), (2010). Aquifer depletion, dam construction, recreational use of habitat. Schenck, J.R., and B.G. Delisting is considered unattainable for all five species (including the fountain darter) due to the potential for extinction from catastrophic events, especially from reduced water flows as a result of drought. This fish is currently listed as federally endangered, and the current recovery plan requires biological research necessary for monitoring, management, and restoration (2,– 4). The fountain darter Etheostoma fonticola is restricted to two spring-fed rivers in central Texas, the San Marcos and Comal rivers. Ontogeny and description of eggs, larvae, and early juveniles of the fountain darter, Etheostoma fonticola. This fish is currently listed as federally endangered, and the current recovery plan requires biological research necessary for monitoring, management, and restoration ( 2 , – 4 ). A paper by Mitchell et al. Fountain Darter (Etheostoma fonticola) Breeding males such as this one develop colorful stripes along the dorsal fin. Breeding males display nuptial coloration and develop nuptial tubercles on their pelvic and anal fins. years. It prefers only live, moving prey. Most darters spawn in the spring or early summer. 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